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Politics

Our Everyday Greek: This February Let’s Speak in Greek about Kairos

February 4, 2018
Dimitra Pontoporou

In English the word kairos means a propitious moment for decision or action. It is a Greek word, οκαιρός, which means the weather. Unlike English in Greek we don’t say “What’s the weather today?”, but “What weather does it do today?”Τικαιρόκάνεισήμερα; We use the verb κάνει, does, third person singular of the verb κάνω, to describe the weather.

WHAT’S THE WEATHER?

Greek phrase            Pronunciation          Meaning

Τικαιρόκάνει  TEE keRO KAni       What’s the weather

σήμερα;          SEEmera?     today?

Κάνει κρύο.    KAni KREEo.            It is cold.

Κάνεικρύο;     KAni KREEo?          Isitcold?

Κάνειπολύκρύο.       KAnipolEEKREEo.  It is very cold.

Κάνειζέστη.    KAni ZEsti.    It is hot.

Κάνειζέστη;    KAni ZEsti?   Is it hot?

Κάνειπολλήζέστη.    KAni poLEEZEsti.    It is very hot.

Δενκάνεικρύο.           DEN KAni KREEo.  It is not cold.

Δεν κάνει ζέστη.        DENKAniZEsti.        It is not hot.

Τικαιρόθακάνει          TEE keRO THA KAni          What will the weather be

αύριο; Avrio? tomorrow?

Αύριο θα κάνει κρύο.           Avrio THA KAni KREEo.    Tomorrow it will be cold.

Αύριο θα κάνει ζέστη.          AvrioTHAKAniZEsti.            Tomorrow it will be warm.

Αύριο θα κάνει κρύο;           Avrio THA KAni KREEo?   Tomorrow will it be cold?

Αύριο δεν θα κάνει κρύο.    Avrio DEN THA KAni KREEo.       Tomorrow it won’t be cold.

Αύριο θα κάνει ζέστη;          AvrioTHAKAniZEsti?          Tomorrow will it be hot?

Αύριο δεν θα κάνει ζέστη.   Avrio THEN THA KAni ZEsti.         Tomorrow it won’t be hot.

BASIC GRAMMAR

In order to form a question about the weather, we keep the word order and we just add the question mark at the end of the sentence.

Kάνει κρύο σήμερα. Κάνει κρύο σήμερα; -Ναι, κάνει κρύο.- Όχι, δενκάνεικρύο.

In order to form the negative form of the verb, we just put the word δενin front of it. Δενκάνεικρύο. Δενκάνειζέστη.

In order to form the Future Tense we add the word θαin front of the verb. Θακάνεικρύο. Δενθακάνεικρύο.

Note that the Greek word very changes according to the grammatical gender of the noun that follows. If it is neutral we use πολύ and if it is feminine we use πολλή. Τοπολύκρύο. Ηπολλήζέστη.

We omit the article before the weather nouns.

BASIC VOCABULARY

Greek word    Pronunciation          Meaning

Τι         TEE    what

Οκαιρός         keROS           weather

Κάνει  KAni   does, is

Σήμερα           SEEmera       today

Αύριο  Avrio   tomorrow

Τοκρύο                       ΤΟKREEo     cold

Ηζέστη           EE ZEsti        hot

Πολύ   poLEE            very

Πολλή poLEE            very

Θα       THA    will

Θακάνει          THA KAni      will do, will be

Δεν      DEN   not

Δενκάνει         DEN KAni     It won’t be

Note that the word σήμερα incorporates the word ημέρα, μέρα, the day.

EXERCISES

Match the Greek phrases with their translation in English.

Τικαιρόκάνεισήμερα; What is the weather today?

1.Κάνειζέστη.            1. It is cold.

Κάνειπολύκρύο. 2. It is very hot.
Κάνει πολλή ζέστη. 3. Itisn’tcold.
Δεν κάνει κρύο. 4. Itisn’tveryhot.
Κάνει κρύο. 5. It is very cold.
Δενκάνειπολλήζέστη. 6. It is hot.

Τι καιρό θα κάνει αύριο; What will be the weather tomorrow?

Θακάνειζέστη. 1. It will be cold.
Θακάνει πολύκρύο. 2. It will be very hot.
Θα κάνει πολλή ζέστη. 3. Itwon’tbecold.
Δεν θα κάνει κρύο. 4. Itwillbehot.
Θα κάνει κρύο. 5. It will be very cold.

PRONUNCIATION KEY

i (ill), ee (beer), e (ever), o (organ), oo (boot), y (yes), h (helium), th (theory), d (the). The capitalized syllables are accented.

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