x

Columnists

This Week in History: September 30th to October 6th

September 30, 2022

SEPTEMBER 30TH

On this day in 331 BC Alexander the Great defeated Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela, the second and final battle they fought and considered to be the final blow to the Achaemenid Empire, resulting in its complete conquest by Alexander.

By the age of thirty, Alexander created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from the Ionian Sea to the Himalayas. Undefeated in battle during his lifetime, he is held up as one of history’s greatest military commanders. The son of Philip II of Macedon, Alexander was tutored by the philosopher Aristotle before succeeding his father after his death at just 20 in 336 BC. His early and mysterious death, perhaps from fever or poisoning in 323 BC, led to his empire’s break-up.

 

Also on this day in 1925 General Theodoros Pangalos disbanded the Greek parliament. He was strongly pro-Venizelist and anti-royalist, and was a leader of the September 1922 revolt that deposed King Constantine I after the Asia Minor Catastrophe. In June 1925 Pangalos led a bloodless coup, after which National Assembly named him Prime Minister. He ruled as a ‘constitutional dictator’ until his overthrow in August 1926.

 

OCTOBER 1ST

On this day in 1974 Spyridon Marinatos, renowned Greek archaeologist, died at 72. He was born November 4, 1901 and his most notable discovery was Akrotiri, the site of an ancient port city on the island of Thera AKA Santorini. He was acquainted with Sir Arthur Evans, who became among other things famous for unearthing the palace of Knossos on Crete. Marinatos gained his first excavation experiences in Crete as well. He became professor at the University of Athens, when he began increasing his interest in the Mycenaeans, regarding them as the first Greeks. The archaeologist excavated sites in the Peloponnese including a royal tomb. Also, Marinatos performed excavations at the famous battle sites at Thermopylae and Marathon.

 

Also on this day in 1957 actor Stelios Mainas was born in 1957 in Ermoupoli, Syros. He became widely known in Greece from the comedy series ‘Oi Men Kai Oi Den’ and the 1998 movie ‘Valkanisateur’. Mainas won the Best Actor Award in Hellenic Film Academy Awards for his role in film ‘Tetarti’.

 

Also on this day in 1985 Greek-American actor George Savalas (Kojak, Kelly’s Heroes), died of lukemia at 58.

OCTOBER 2ND

On this day in 1988, Alec Issigonis, the Greek-British car designer and developer of the Mini Cooper, died at the age of 81. Born in Smyrna in 1906, Issigonis immigrated to London in 1922 during the Asia Minor Expedition. After studying engineering, he joined Morris Motors as a suspension designer. There, he developed the Morris Minor, which remained in production from 1948 to 1971. A reliable vehicle with excellent steering and cornering qualities, it was the first all-British car to pass the one million mark in sales (surviving models are still cherished by owners and collectors). In 1959, in response to the Suez energy crisis and the popularity of Germany’s Volkswagen Beetle, Issigonis introduced the Mini. The boxy, inexpensive, fuel-efficient Mini used a transverse engine to power its front wheels – a radical design at the time – and thus could seat four passengers despite being only 10 feet long.

 

 

 

 

 

RELATED

November’s midterm elections produced manifold results, with Republicans (barely) taking the House and Democrats retaining control of the Senate.

Top Stories

Columnists

A pregnant woman was driving in the HOV lane near Dallas.

General News

FALMOUTH, MA – The police in Falmouth have identified the victim in an accident involving a car plunging into the ocean on February 20, NBC10 Boston reported.

General News

NEW YORK – Meropi Kyriacou, the new Principal of The Cathedral School in Manhattan, was honored as The National Herald’s Educator of the Year.

Video

NYPD Οfficers, Βystander Save Man who Fell on Subway Tracks (Video)

NEW YORK — Two New York City police officers and a bystander raced to save a man who fell on the tracks at a Manhattan subway station, plucking him out of the way of an oncoming train in a daring rescue captured by an officer's body camera.

ATHENS - "When I think about the Mediterranean, I think about a region with vast potential and opportunities, but also challenges that should be commonly addressed," Greek Foreign Minister Nikos Dendias said on Monday on the occasion of the Day of the Mediterranean.

ATHENS - Tourism Minister Vassilis Kikilias has travelled to Riyadh, where he will participate in the 22nd World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC).

The former warden of an abuse-plagued federal women's prison known as the "rape club" goes on trial Monday, accused of molesting inmates and forcing them to pose naked in their cells.

Enter your email address to subscribe

Provide your email address to subscribe. For e.g. abc@xyz.com

You may unsubscribe at any time using the link in our newsletter.