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This Week in History: April 10th to 16th

April 10, 2020

April 11th: 

On this day in 1990, Konstantinos Mitsotakis became Greece’s Prime Minister after his New Democracy party won the elections. Born in Chania, Crete, Mitsotakis came from a political family – his father and grandfathers were members of parliament, and the statesman Eleftherios Venizelos was his uncle. Mitsotakis studied law and economics in Athens. He was active in the resistance during the Nazi occupation of Crete (1941-44) and was arrested twice and sentenced to death. Mitsotakis was first elected to parliament in 1946 as a member of the Liberal Party. In the early 1960s, he joined the new Centre Union, a centre-left coalition organized by Georgios Papandreou, and he became minister of Finance in Papandreou’s government. In July 1965, Papandreou became involved in a power struggle with Greece’s King Constantine II. Mitsotakis, with other Centre Union deputies (the ‘July apostates’), defected from the party and joined the pro-monarchist forces in a series of coalition governments. Mitsotakis’ action incurred the lasting animosity of Papandreou’s son, Andreas (who also eventually became prime minister of Greece). Mitsotakis was arrested in 1967 by the military junta but managed to escape to Turkey with the help of the Turkish foreign minister. He lived in exile with his family in Paris, France, until his return to Greece in 1974 following the restoration of democracy. In 1977, he founded the centrist New Liberal Party in 1977, and in that same year he was elected to parliament. One year later, Mitsotakis accepted a cabinet post in the government of Konstantinos Karamanlis, and shortly afterward, he joined Karamanlis’ centre-right New Democracy Party. In 1984, Mitsotakis became party leader, and then prime minister in 1990.

April 15th: 

On this day in 1946, Stylianos Kyriakides won the 50th Boston Marathon. Kyriakides was the first and only Cypriot athlete to win the event. Born near Paphos in Cyprus, Kyriakides was the youngest of five children. He left home at an early age so that he could find work to help his poor farming family. He landed a job working for Dr. Cheverton, a British medical officer, who encouraged the young Kyriakides to start running. An athlete himself, Dr. Cheverton saw potential in Kyriakides and bought him his first set of running gear, gave him coaching advice, and taught the young Cypriot how to speak English. In 1938, Kyriakides came to the United States by ship to run in the Boston Marathon. However, he had to drop out of the race because of blisters he developed from running with a new pair of sneakers and no socks. It has been said that he promised Jerry Nason, the Boston Globe sports editor at the time, that he would return to America and win the race. After World War II, Kyriakides, now 36-years-old, decided to sell his furniture in order to buy a ticket to come back to Boston for another chance at winning the Marathon. When he crossed the finish line of the race, he shouted, “For Greece!” As a result of his win, the United States sent Kyriakides back to Greece with the ‘Kyriakides Aid Package’ which included 25,000 tons of supplies and $250,000 in cash for the war-stricken Greek nation. Today, at the 1-mile mark of the Boston Marathon stands a 12-foot-tall statue called the Spirit of the Marathon. The statue depicts Spyridon Louis, the Greek winner of the first modern Olympic marathon in 1896, and Kyriakides, one of Boston’s greatest underdog stories.

April 16th: 

On this day in 1996, Stavros Spyros Niarchos, the Greek shipping magnate died at the age of 86. Niarchos was born in Athens but his family had its roots in the Laconian village of Vamvakou in the Peloponnese. He studied law at the University of Athens and began working in 1929 in his family’s grain business. Recognizing the substantial transportation expense in importing wheat, Niarchos believed that one would save money by owning the ships that provided the transportation. As a result, he bought his first six freighters during the Great Depression. Niarchos served in the Greek Navy during World War II. While he served, the Allied Forces leased one of his vessels which was ultimately destroyed in battle. Niarchos saw this as an opportunity and used the insurance funds as capital to expand his fleet after the War. Thus began the emergence of Stavros Niarchos as a significant participant in the world of international commerce. For many years he owned the largest private fleet in the world, with his company operating more than 80 tankers and other vessels. Although Niarchos passed away more than twenty years ago, his legacy continues into the 21st century with the Stavros Niarchos Foundation. Working in Greece and internationally, the Foundation began its grant-making efforts in 1996 and derives its mission from Niarchos’ commitment to Greece and Hellenism, as well as his keen instincts and interests in support of causes in the fields of education, social welfare, health, arts, and culture.

 

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JUNE 23RD: On this day in 1996, Andreas Papandreou, the Greek politician and economist who served as Prime Minister of Greece for two terms (1981-1989 and 1993-1996), passed away.

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