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Culture

Our Everyday Greek: This September we Speak in Greek about our Greek Classes

September 17, 2017
Dimitra Pontoporou

Easy and common phrases you may use to describe in Greek your Greek class.

DO YOU LEARN GREEK?

Greek phrase            Pronunciation          Translation

Μ: Εγώ μαθαίνω Ελληνικά eYO maTHEno elliniKA      I learn Greek

από την εφημερίδα   aPO TEEN efimeREEda from the newspaper

Εθνικός Kήρυκας.    ethniKOS KEErikas. The National Herald.

Εσύ μαθαίνεις Ελληνικά; eSEE maTHEnis elliniKA      Do you learn Greek?

Ε: Ναι, μαθαίνω Ελληνικά   NE, maTHEno elliniKA       Yes, I learn Greek

στο σχολείο.  STO shoLEEo.         at school.

Μ: Τι κάνετε   TEE KAnete? What do you do

στο μάθημα των ελληνικών; STO MAthima TON elliniKON      at the Greek class?

Μ: Μαθαίνουμε γλώσσα      maTHEnoome YLOsa         we learn the language

Γραμματική,   yramatiKEE   Grammar

Ιστορία και     istoREEa KE History and

Θρησκευτικά.            thriskeftiKA   Religion.

Ε: Έχετε βιβλίο Ehete vivLEEo      Do you have a book

για το μάθημα            yiA TO MAthima for the Greek class?

των ελληνικών;         TON elliniKON?

Μ: Έχουμε     Ehoome         We have

βιβλίο,                        vivLEEo         a book

τετράδιο, teTRAdio   a note book

ντοσιέ ntosiE a binder

για τη γραμματική     yiA TEE gramatiKEE           for the Grammar

και στυλό.      KE stiLO        and pens.

BASIC VOCABULARY

Greek word    Pronunciation          Meaning

Εγώ μαθαίνω            eYO maTHEno         I learn

Εσύ μαθαίνεις           eSEE maTHEnis      you learn

Εσύ μαθαίνεις;          eSEE maTHEnis?   do you learn?

Η Μαρία μαθαίνει     EE maREEa maTHEni       Maria learns

Εμείς μαθαίνουμε     eMEES maTHEnoome       we learn

Εσείς μαθαίνετε        eSEES maTHEnete            you learn (Plural, polite)

Τα παιδιά μαθαίνουν            TA pediA maTHEnoon The kids learn

Ελληνικά        elliniKA          Greek

Ναι      NE      yes

Το σχολείο     TO shoLEEo school

Το μάθημα των ελληνικών  TO MAthima TON elliniKON Greek class

Η εφημερίδα  EE efimeREEda newspaper

Από την εφημερίδα  aPO TEEN efimeREEda from the newspaper

Εθνικός Kήρυκας     ethniKOS KEErikas The National Herald

Ποιος  piOS who (male)

Ποια    piA      who (female)

Τι κάνετε;        TEE KAnete? What do you do? (Plural, polite)

Κάνουμε         KAnoome We do

Έχετε; Ehete?           Do you have? (Plural, polite)

Έχουμε          Ehoome         we have

Έχω    Eho     I have

Η Γλώσσα     EE YLOsa     language

Η Γραμματική            EE yramatiKEE        grammar

Η Ιστορία       EE istoREEa history

Τα Θρησκευτικά        TA thriskeftiKA         religion

Το βιβλίο        TO viVLEEo  book

Το τετράδιο    TO teTRAdio note book

Το ντοσιέ        TO ntosiE binder

Το μολύβι       TO moLEEvi  pencil

Η γόμα           EE GOma eraser

Ο στυλός        O stiLOS pen

 

GREEK WORDS USED IN ENGLISH

Many of the above Greek words are familiar to you from their English derivatives. Γλώσσα, which in Greek means both the language and the tongue, is the root of the word glossary, the dictionary, the vocabulary.

Γραμματική deriving from the word γράμμα,(=letter), and the Ancient Greek verb γράφω, which then and now means I write, is the root of the English word Grammar. In most European languages a similar word is used for Grammar, a fact that directly shows the debt to Greek for the structure and the morphology of the European languages. History comes from Ιστορία. The words μαθαίνω (I learn) and μάθημα (class, lesson) are to be found in the word Mathematics. The word βιβλίο is the first compound of the word bibliography, the second being the verb γράφω, I write.

MAIN PHRASES

Try to match the phrases in English with their translation in Greek:

  1. Μαθαίνεις Ελληνικά; 1. I learn History and Religion.
  2. Μαθαίνω Ελληνικά στο σχολείο. 2. I have a book, a note book and a pen.
  3. Μαθαίνω Ιστορία και Θρησκευτικά. 3. I learn Greek at school.
  4. Έχω βιβλίο, τετράδιο και στυλό. 4. Do you learn Greek?

 

PRONUNCIATION KEY

i (idiom), ee (needle), e (energy), o (organism), oo (boot), y (yes), h (helium), th (theory), d (the). The capitalized syllables are accented.

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