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Culture

Our Everyday Greek: This October we Speak in Greek about our Homework

October 8, 2017
Dimitra Pontoporou

Easy and common phrases you may use to describe in Greek your Greek class.

DO YOU DO YOUR HOMEWORK?

Greek phrase            Pronunciation          Translation

Ε: Γράφετε     YRAfete Do you write

ασκήσεις στο σπίτι;  aSKEEsis STO SPEEti? the homework?

Μ: Ναι, γράφουμε     NE, YRAfoome Yes, we write

ασκήσεις        aSKEEsis      exercises.

στο βιβλίο      STO viVLEEo in the book

με μολύβι.      ME moLEEvi. with a pencil.

Ε: Έχετε μολύβια      Ehete moLEEvia      Do you have pencils

στο σχολείο;  STO shoLEEo?        at school?

Μ: Έχουμε κασετίνα             Ehoome kaseTEEna We have a pencil case

με γόμα, στυλό          ME GOma, stiLO     with an eraser, pens

και μολύβια.   KE moLEEvia.          and pencils.

Ε: Μαθαίνετε λέξεις;             maTHEnete LExis? Do you learn words?

Μ: Ναι, μαθαίνουμε λέξεις   NE, maTHEnoome LExis   Yes, we learn words

και γράφουμε φράσεις         KE YRAfoome FRAsis        and we write phrases

στον πίνακα   STON PEEnaka       on the board

με κιμωλία. ME kimoLEEa. with chalk.

Ε: Διαβάζετε diaVAzete       Do you read

τις λέξεις;       TEES LExis?                        the words?

Μ: Ναι, διαβάζουμε  NE, diaVAzoome     Yes, we read

τις ασκήσεις. TEES aSKEEsis.      the exercises.

BASIC VOCABULARY

Greek phrase            Pronunciation          Meaning

Εμείς μαθαίν-ουμε    eMEES maTHEnoome       we learn

Εσείς μαθαίν-ετε       eSEES maTHEnete            you learn (Plural, polite)

Εμείς διαβάζ-ουμε    eMEES diaVAzoome          we read, study

Εσείς διαβάζ-ετε       eSEES diaVAzete   you read, study (Plural, polite)

Εσείς διαβάζ-ετε;      eSEES diaVAzete? Do you read? (Plural, polite)

Τα παιδιά διαβάζ-ουν           TA pediA diaVAzoon The kids read, study

Εμείς γράφ-ουμε       eMEES GRAfoome we write

Εσείς γράφ-ετε          eSEES GRAfete you write (Plural, polite)

Εσείς γράφ-ετε;         eSEES GRAfete? Do you write? (Plural, polite)

Έχ-ουμε         Ehoome         we have

Έχ-ετε;            Ehete?           Do you have? (Plural, polite)

Ελληνικά        elliniKA          Greek

Ναι      NE      yes

Στο βιβλίο      STO viVLEEO           in the book

Στην τάξη       STEEN TAxi  in the classroom

Στον πίνακα   STON PEEnaka       on the board

Στο σχολείο   STO shoLEEo          at school

Στο σπίτι        STO SPEEti  at home

Ασκήσεις για το σπίτι           asKEEsis yiA TO SPEEti homework

Τις ασκήσεις  TEES aSKEEsis      exercises (accusative)

Η κασετίνα     EE kaseTEEna         pencil case

Το μολύβι       TO moLEEvi  pencil

Τα μολύβια    TA moLEEvia            pencils

Η γόμα           EE YOma eraser

Ο στυλός        O stiLOS pen

Η κιμωλία      EE kimoLEEA           chalk

Οι λέξεις         EE LExis        words

Οι φράσεις     EE FRAsis    phrases

In Greek the verb endings indicate the person who undertakes the action. The ending -ουμε refers to we and the ending –ετε to you (plural). Therefore the personal pronouns (we, you) can be omitted.

Εμείς μαθαίν-ουμε, διαβάζ-ουμε, γράφ-ουμε, έχ-ουμε = we learn, read, write, have, talk.

Εσείς μαθαίν-ετε, διαβάζ-ετε, γράφ-ετε, έχ-ετε. = you learn, read, write, have, talk.

The affirmative and the interrogative form differ only in the final question mark: Διαβάζετε; =Do you read?, Διαβάζετε =you read.

GREEK WORDS IN ENGLISH

The English word taxonomy derives from the Greek word τάξη, which originally meant order and the word νόμος, which means share, law. Κασετίνα is not a Greek word and comes from the same root as the English word case.

MAIN PHRASES

Try to match the phrases in English with their translation in Greek:

  1. Γράφουμε ασκήσεις στο σπίτι. 1. We write with chalk on the board.
  2. Γράφουμε στο βιβλίο με μολύβι. 2. We write in the notebook with a pen.
  3. Γράφουμε στο τετράδιο με στυλό. 3. We read words.
  4. Γράφουμε στον πίνακα με κιμωλία. 4. We write homework.
  5. Διαβάζουμε λέξεις. 5. We write in the book with a pencil.
  6. Μαθαίνουμε φράσεις στα ελληνικά. 6. We read the exercises.
  7. Διαβάζουμε τις ασκήσεις. 7. We learn phrases in Greek.

PRONUNCIATION KEY

i (ill), ee (beer), e (ever), o (organ), oo (boot), y (yes), h (helium), th (theory), d (the). The capitalized syllables are accented.

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