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Culture

Our Everyday Greek Review: On March 25th We Speak in Greek about the Parade

March 26, 2018
Dimitra Pontoporou

WORD CLUSTERS

Greek word    Pronunciation          Meaning

Ο Έλληνας    O Elinas                     Greek (singular)      

Οι Έλληνες    EE Elines      Greeks (plural)

Η Ελλάδα       EE eLAda      Greece

Οελληνικός    O eliniKOS    Greek (male)

Ηελληνική      EE eliniKEE  Greek (female)

Ο Τούρκος     O TOOrkos    Turk (singular)

Οι Τούρκοι     EE TOOrki     Turks (plural)

Η Τουρκία      EE tooRKEEa           Turkey

Ηελευθερία    EE eleftheREEa      Freedom

Οελεύθερος-η, -ο      O eLEftheros, -i, -o   free (adjective singular)

Οιελεύθεροι   EE elEftheri  free (adjective, plural)

Οήρωας         O EEroas       (hero)

Ηρωικά          iroiKA heroically (adverb)

TEN IMPORTANT PHRASES

Στις είκοσι πέντε Μαρτίου γιορτάζουμε την Επανάσταση του ’21 (είκοσι ένα), δηλαδή του χίλια οκτακόσια είκοσι ένα.
STEES ikosiPEnte maRTEEoo yioRTAzoome TEEN epaNAstasi TOO eikosiEna, dilaDEE TOO HEElia oktaKOsia ikosiEna.

Οn March 25th we celebrate the revolution of ’21, that is of 1821.

Tην εικοστή πέμπτη Μαρτίου θα πάμε στην παρέλαση.
TEEN ikoSTEEPEmpti maRTEEoo THA PAme STEEN paRElasi.

Οn March 25th we’ll go to the parade.

H παρέλαση στη Νέα Υόρκη θα γίνει στην πέμπτη λεωφόρο.
EE paRElasi STEE NEaiOrki THA YEEni STEEN PEmptileoFOro.

The parade in New York will be held on 5th Avenue.

Πολλοί μαθητές θα φοράνε φουστανέλα, φέσι και τσαρούχια.
poLEE mathiTES THA foRAnefoostaNEla, FEsi KE tsaROOhia.

Many students will be wearing the traditional Greek male skirt, the traditional cap and the traditional shoes. 

Όλοι θα κρατάνε ελληνικές σημαίες.
Oli THA kraTAne eliniKES siMEes.

They will all hold Greek flags.

Οι Έλληνες πολέμησαν με τους Τούρκους.
EE Elines poLEmisan ME TOOS TOOrkoos.

Greeks fought against the Turks.

Οι Έλληνες πολέμησαν για την ελευθερία.
EE Elines poLEmisan yiA TEEN eleftheREEa.

Greeks fought for the freedom.

Οι Έλληνες ήταν 400 (τετρακόσια) χρόνια σκλάβοι των Τούρκων.
EE Elines EEtantetraKOsiaHROniaSKLAvi TON TOOrkon.

For 400 years Greeks were slaves under the Turks.

Oι Έλληνες πολέμησαν ηρωικά και νίκησαν τους Τούρκους.
EE Elines poLEmisan iroiKA KE NEEkisan ToosTOOrkoos.

Greeks fought heroically and beat the Turks.

«Ελευθερία ή θάνατος»
eleftheREEa EE THAnatos

“Freedom or death”

BASIC VOCABULARY

Τηνεικοστή πέμπτη  TEEN ikoSTEEPEmpti        25th

Μαρτίου         maRTEEoo   of March

Γιορτάζουμε  yioRTAzoome           we celebrate

Την επανάσταση       TEEN epaNAstasi revolution (acc.)

Χίλια   HIlia    thousand

Οκτακόσια     oktaKOsia      eight hundred

Είκοσι EEkosi           twenty           

Ένα     Ena     one

Θα       THA    will (future)

Θα πάμε         THA PAme    We’ll go

Στην παρέλαση         STEEN paRElasi     to the parade

Η πέμπτη       PEmpti           5th

ΣτηΝέα Υόρκη          STEE NEaiOrki        in New York

Στην πέμπτη λεωφόρο        STEEN PEmptileoFOro      on 5th Avenue

Θα γίνει          THA YEEni   it will be held, take place

Οι μαθητές     EE mathiTES            the students

Θα φοράνε     THA foRAne they will wear

Η φουστανέλα           EE foostaNEla          traditional Greek male skirt

Τοφέσι            TO FEsi          traditional Greek cap

Τα τσαρούχια            TA tsaROOhia          traditional Greek shoes

Πολλοί            poLEE            many

Όλοι    Oli       All

Θα κρατάνε    THA kraTAne            they will hold

ελληνικές       elliniKES       Greek (adjective plural)

σημαίες          siMEes           flags

Πολέμησαν    poLEmisan    fought

Νίκησαν         NEEkisan      beat

Ήταν   EEtan             were

Οι σκλάβοι     EE SKLAvi    slaves

Ελευθερία      eleftheREEa Freedom

Ή         EE       or

Θάνατος         THAnatos      death

GREEK WORDS IN ENGLISH

From the verb πολεμάω (fight against, πολέμησαν) comes the English word polemic. The noun that comes from the verb νικάω (νίκησαν) is νίκη, which means victory in Greek and is familiar to the world from the sport shoes brand Nike. Ήρωας is the root of the English word hero. Όλοι is found in English in words, like holistic, hologram.

PRONUNCIATION KEY

i (idiom), ee (needle), e (energy), o (organism), oo (boot), y (yes), h (helium), th (theory), d (the). The capitalized syllables are accented.

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