x

Politics

Our Everyday Greek, Ordering ‘Brizola’ at a Greek Restaurant

Many diners and restaurants in the northeast United States are still owned by Greek-Americans or even more recent arrivals from Greece. So, how do we order a steak in Greek? This is the vocabulary you will need if you want to impress the proprietor. Use it on a visit to Greece and Cyprus, as well

 

GREEK WORD        PRONUNCIATION  MEANING. SINGULAR

Η μπριζόλ-α  EE briZOla    steak

Η πατάτ-α      EE paTAta     potato

Η ψημέν-η      EE psiMEni   grilled

Η ψητ-ή          EE psiTEE     grilled

Η τηγανητ-ή   EE tiganiTEE                        fried

Καλά   kaLA   good

Μέτρια            MEtria             medium

 

GREEK WORD        PRONUNCIATION  MEANING. PLURAL

Οι μπριζόλ-ες            EE briZOles  steaks

Οι πατάτ-ες    EE paTAtes   potatoes

Οι ψημέν-ες   EE psiMEnes            grilled

Οι ψητ-ές        EE psiTEES  grilled

Οι τηγανητ-ές            EE tiganiTEES         fried

 

A steak can be well done =καλά ψημένη, or medium =μέτρια ψημένη.

Τhe words ψητή and τηγανητή are adjectives and the word ψημένη is the present participle of the verb ψήνω (=grill, roast). In Greek the adjectives and the participles like the nouns have different forms regarding the case, the number and the grammatical gender. Their case, number, and gender agree with the nouns that follow. The endings of the masculine, feminine, and neuter gender adjectives and participles are the same like the endings of the nouns. Thus the endings of the feminine gender adjectives and participles are –α or –η. Η τηγανητή πατάτα (=the fried potato), οι τηγανητές πατάτες (=French fries). Η καλά ψημένη μπριζόλα (=the well dome steak), οι καλά ψημένες μπριζόλες (=the well done steaks). The words καλά and μέτρια are adverbs. The adverbs usually end in –α.

In the tables below more feminine food vocabulary nouns are cited in the singular and in the plural. The well known Greek salad in Greek is called rustic salad (=χωριάτικη). If you just say χωριάτικη, Greeks will understand that you are talking about the Greek salad. Typical Greek soups are the chicken soup, the tomato soup, the lentil and the beans soup. French fries are πατάτες τηγανητές and roasted potatoes are πατάτες ψητές. Η μερίδα is the portion.

 

GREEK WORD        PRONUNCIATION  MEANING. SINGULAR

Η χωριάτικ-η EE hoRIAtiki             rustic salad

Η σαλάτ-α      ΕΕ saLAta     salad

Η σούπ-α       EE SOOpa    soup

Η κοτόσουπ-α                       EE koTOsoopa         chicken soup

Η ντοματόσουπ-α     EE domaTOsoopa   tomato soup

Η φακ-ή          EE faKEE      lentil

Η μερίδ-α       EE meREEda           portion

 

GREEK WORD        PRONUNCIATION  MEANING. PLURAL

Οι χωριάτικ-ες           EE hoRIAtikes          rustic salads

Οι σαλάτ-ες    ΕΕ saLAtes   salads

Οι σούπ-ες    EE SOOpes  soups

Οι κοτόσουπ-ες                    EE koTOsoopes       chicken soups

Οι ντοματόσουπ-ες  EE domaTOsoopes tomato soups

Οι φακ-ές       EE faKEES   lentils

Οι μερίδ-ες     EE meREEdes         portions

 

EXERCISE

  1. After studying the above vocabulary try to translate the below sentences.

Θέλω μία σούπα. Θέλουμε δύο μπριζόλες με ψητές πατάτες και χωριάτικη. Η Μαρία θέλει φακές σούπα. Ο Πέτρος δεν θέλει κοτόσουπα. Έχετε πατάτες τηγανητές; Θέλουμε τρεις μερίδες πατάτες τηγανητές και τρεις μπριζόλες καλά ψημένες.

 

  1. Use the above vocabulary and write the sentences below in Greek.
  2. We want three steaks with French fries and salad. b. I want a well-done steak. c. Maria wants two portions of French fries. d. I want a rustic salad with feta cheese and olives. e. Do you have soup? f. Maria wants chicken soup and I want tomato soup. g. Petros doesn’t want lentil soup.

 

DIALOGUE

This is a common dialogue at a Greek dinner. Try to translate it.

-Καλησπέρα.

-Καλησπέρα.

-Τι κάνετε.

-Καλά, ευχαριστώ.

-Τι θέλετε σήμερα;

-Θέλουμε δύο μπριζόλες με πατάτες τηγανητές.

-Καλά ψημένες;

-Όχι, και οι δύο μέτρια ψημένες.

-Και μια σαλάτα.

-Τι σαλάτα; Χωριάτικη;

-Ναι, μία χωριάτικη με ελιές και φέτα.

-Θέλετε και σούπα;

-Τι σούπα έχετε;

-Έχουμε κοτόσουπα και ντοματόσουπα.

-Έχετε φακές σούπα;

-Όχι, σήμερα δεν έχουμε φακές σούπα.

-Δεν θέλουμε σούπα.

-Ευχαριστώ πολύ.

RELATED

ATHENS - A regulation in an omnibus bill will allow repatriated Greeks from Albania and the former Soviet Union to receive full national pensions, Labor and Social Protection Minister Kostis Hatzidakis said during a discussion in Greek Parliament on Tuesday.

Top Stories

Columnists

A pregnant woman was driving in the HOV lane near Dallas.

General News

FALMOUTH, MA – The police in Falmouth have identified the victim in an accident involving a car plunging into the ocean on February 20, NBC10 Boston reported.

General News

NEW YORK – Meropi Kyriacou, the new Principal of The Cathedral School in Manhattan, was honored as The National Herald’s Educator of the Year.

Video

Crowds Flock to Funeral of Alison Russo-Elling, Victim of Greek-American Assailant

BROOKVILLE – With honors befitting an FDNY EMS lieutenant who fell in the line of duty, Alison Russo-Elling was buried today.

Enter your email address to subscribe

Provide your email address to subscribe. For e.g. abc@xyz.com

You may unsubscribe at any time using the link in our newsletter.