Our Everyday Greek: Greek you Already Know: Eros, Agape and Philo-

February 26, 2019
Dimitra Pontoporou

In Greek we have two different words for the state of love: αγαπάω and είμαι ερωτευμένος /-η. The first means I love and the second I am in love. Ερωτευμένος comes from έρως / έρωτας, Eros, a Greek word used in English as well.


English word    Greek word      Pronunciation

Erotic        ερωτικός  erotiKOS

Erotica      ερωτικά    erotiKA

Eroticism  ερωτισμός        erotiZMOS

Erotomania       ερωτομανία      erotomaNEEA

Erotism     ερωτισμός        erotiZMOS



From the noun Εros comes the word ερωτευμένος, a person in love.


Greek word      Pronunciation  Meaning

Είμαι ερωτευμένος.  EEme erotevMEnos.         I am in love. (male)

Είμαι ερωτευμένη.    EEme erotevMEni.   I am in love. (female)

Κάνω έρωτα     Kano Erota       I make love

Κάνω σεξ Kano SEX        I make sex

Με    ME   with

Με ποιον  ME piON  with whom

Τον  TON          the (acc. masculine)

Την  TEEN       the (acc. feminine)


Ερωτευμένος is the male person who is in love and ερωτευμένη is the female person who is in love. With is με, and it always goes with the accusative case of the person. Τhe articles τον and την refer to the accusative case of the person’s name. Τον is for men and την for women. Note that the masculine names in the accusative case omit the final -ς. Therefore, we don’t say τον Κώστας, τον Γιώργος, τον Πέτρος, but τον Κώστα, τον Γιώργο, τον Πέτρο.


Είμαι ερωτευμένη με τον Πέτρο. I am in love with Petros.

Ο Κώστας είναι ερωτευμένος με τη Μαρία. Kostas is in love with Maria.

Ο Πέτρος είναι ερωτευμένος με εμένα. Petros is in love with me.



Answer the below questions like in the given example.

Με ποιον είναι ερωτευμένη η Μαρία; (Νίκος)

Η Μαρία είναι ερωτευμένη με τον Νίκο.


Με ποιον είσαι ερωτευμένη; (Γιώργο)

Είμαι ερωτευμένη με τον Γιώργο.


  1. Με ποιον είναι ερωτευμένη η Ελένη; (Κώστα)
  2. Με ποιον είναι ερωτευμένος ο Κώστας; (Ελένη)
  3. Με ποιον είσαι ερωτευμένη; (…)



This is how the verbs αγαπάω, I love, and φιλάω, I kiss, are conjugated. Note that the endings are the same in both verbs.

Greek verb       Pronunciation  Meaning

Εγώ αγαπ-άω           eYO ayaPAo    I love

Εσύ αγαπ-άς    eSEE ayaPAS you love

Η Μαρία αγαπ-άει    EE maREEa ayaPAi         Maria loves

Εμείς αγαπ-άμε         eMEES ayaPAme    we love

Εσείς αγαπ-άτε         eSEES ayaPAte       you love

Τα παιδιά αγαπ-άνε          ta pediA ayaPAne    they love


This is how the verb φιλάω, I kiss, is conjugated.

Greek verb       Pronunciation  Meaning

Εγώ φιλά-ω      eYO fiLAo         I kiss

Εσύ φιλ-άς        eSEE fiLAS      you kiss (sing.)

Η Μαρία φιλά-ει        EE maREEa fiLAi     Maria kisses

Εμείς φιλ-άμε   eMEES fiLAme         we kiss

Εσείς φιλ-άτε    eSEES fiLAte   you kiss (plur.)

Τα παιδιά φιλ-άνε     TA pediA fiLAne       the kids kiss



1.Use the correct form of the verb in the sentences below.

  1. H Μαρία ………. (αγαπάω) τον Πέτρο.
  2. Η Μαρία ………. (φιλάω) τον Πέτρο.
  3. Τα παιδιά ………. (αγαπάω) τη γιαγιά.
  4. Τα παιδιά ……….. (φιλάω) τη γιαγιά.
  5. Εσύ ……. (αγαπάω) τον Κώστα;
  6. Εμείς ……. (αγαπάω) τον παππού.



Φιλώ (phiLO) is an ancient Greek verb, which means I love. Nevertheless, in modern Greek we don’t use the verb φιλώ (philo) in its original meaning, I love. In modern Greek φιλώ means I kiss. The verb φιλώ is to be found in many English words that begin with philo-.


Can you translate in Greek the second compound of the words below?








i (idiom), ee (needle), e (energy), o (organism), oo (boot), y (yes), h (helium), th (theory), d (the). The capitalized syllables are accented.


NEW YORK – Ambassador Dionyssios Kalamvrezos, PhD, will present his new novel ‘Εικονικός Εφιάλτης’ (‘Virtual Nightmare’) along with the basic elements of Artificial Intelligence in three events April 18, 19, and 21.

Top Stories


A pregnant woman was driving in the HOV lane near Dallas.

General News

NEW YORK – Meropi Kyriacou, the new Principal of The Cathedral School in Manhattan, was honored as The National Herald’s Educator of the Year.


ATLANTA  — President Joe Biden on Sunday offered his most direct recognition of U.

ATHENS - With many Greeks unable to find apartments or homes they can afford as rents have soared and mortgages difficult to obtain, the New Democracy government is going ahead with a scheme to have more built on public land with private funds.

DUBAI, United Arab Emirates — A helicopter carrying Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi, the country's foreign minister and other officials apparently crashed in the mountainous northwest reaches of Iran on Sunday, sparking a massive rescue operation in a fog-shrouded forest as the public was urged to pray.

ASTORIA – The Federation of Dodecanese Societies of America and Canada and the Dodecanesian Youth Society held a ‘Greek Night’ fundraising event on May 18 at the Stathakion Cultural Center in Astoria and raised over $20,000 to help a young man recovering from a serious car accident that left him with severe injuries.

Enter your email address to subscribe

Provide your email address to subscribe. For e.g. [email protected]

You may unsubscribe at any time using the link in our newsletter.