Our Everyday Greek: Greek you Already Know: Καλοκαίρι, εποχή, χρόνος, καλός, καιρός

May 11, 2019
Dimitra Pontoporou

You already know all the words of the phrase below, because these words exist in English too: «Το καλοκαίρι είναι μία εποχή του χρόνου με καλό καιρό.» “Summer is a season of the year with good weather.” (TO kaloKEri EEne MEEa epoHEE TOO HROnoo ME kaLO keRO.)


Το καλοκαίρι (TO kaloKEri) is a compound word from the adjective καλός (kaLOS) and the noun ο καιρός (O keROS). The adjective καλός occurs in such English words as calligraphy. Many languages have adopted the Greek word καιρός to indicate the right time to do something. In ancient Greek ο καιρός meant the right time and the weather as well. Το καλοκαίρι (καλός + καιρός) is the season when the weather is good. Με καλό καιρό (Me kaLO keRO) = With good weather.

Ο καλός καιρός. O kaLOS keROS. The good weather.

Ο καιρός είναι καλός. O KeROS EEne kaLOS. The weather is good.

Το καλοκαίρι ο καιρός είναι καλός. TO kaloKEri o keROS EEne kaLOS. In the summer the weather is good.

Το καλοκαίρι κάνει καλό καιρό. TO kaloKEri KAni kaLO keRO. In the summer the weather is good.


You already know the Greek word for the season. It is η εποχή. In English the word epoch means a particular period of time in the history or in a person’s life. It may also mean an historical era, as

“the Victorian epoch”. In Geology epoch means a division of time which is a subdivision of a period and is itself subdivided into ages, as “the Pliocene epoch”. In Greek η εποχή has the same meanings. We say:

Η καλύτερη εποχή μου. EE kaLEEteri epoHEE moo. The best time of my life.

Η κλασική εποχή. EE klasiKEE epoHEE. Classical age.

Το καλοκαίρι είναι μία εποχή. TO kaloKEri EEne MEEa epoHEE. Summer is a season.

Note that the Χ, χ in εποχή is not soft like the English h, but it is strong. The tongue moves towards the front upper teeth forming a channel – similar to the y (as in y-es) – through which we exhale the letter Χ, χ sound.


The chronology, the chronometer, the chronic, the chronicle come from the Greek word ο χρόνος, which means time and year. Του χρόνου is the genitive case, which means of the year.


We also use the phrase «και του χρόνου» as a wish. Verbatim it means “to next year too”. That express a hope to live the same good experience next year too.


Greek word Pronunciation    Meaning

Το καλοκαίρι     TO kaloKEri      the summer

Ο καλός, -ή, -ό  O kaLOS    the good

Ο καιρός     O keROS    the weather, time

Η εποχή     EE epoHEE the era, season

Μία MEEa   one (female gram. gender)

Η καλύτερη EE kaLEEteri    the best

Η κλασική   EE klasiKEE      the classical

Ο χρόνος    O HROnos  the year

Του χρόνου TOO HROnoo   next year

Και KE  and

Και του χρόνου  KE TOO HROnoo    next year too

Κάνει    KAni     is (for the weather, does)

Είναι     EEne    is


Can you say in Greek?

1.Summer is a season.

  1. Summer is a season with good weather.
  2. Summer is a season of the year.
  3. Classical era.


i (idiom), ee (bee), e (energy), o (organism), oo (boot), y (yes), h (helium), th (theory), d (the). The capitalized syllables are accented.


NEW YORK – Greek-French vocalist George Perris has released a charming Christmas album, titled ‘The Most Wonderful Time of the Year.

Top Stories


A pregnant woman was driving in the HOV lane near Dallas.

General News

FALMOUTH, MA – The police in Falmouth have identified the victim in an accident involving a car plunging into the ocean on February 20, NBC10 Boston reported.


Lebanon’s Christians Feel the Heat of Climate Change in Its Sacred Forest and Valley (Vid)

BCHARRE, Lebanon (AP) — Majestic cedar trees towered over dozens of Lebanese Christians gathered outside a small mid-19th century chapel hidden in a mountain forest to celebrate the Feast of the Transfiguration, the miracle where Jesus Christ, on a mountaintop, shined with light before his disciples.

ATHENS – On the occasion of the centenary of the birth of Maria Callas, widely considered the greatest diva in the history of opera, the Hellenic Institute of Cultural Diplomacy-U.

LOS ANGELES (AP) — Two months after his historic ouster as House speaker, Republican Rep.

LONDON (AP) — The British government apologized Wednesday to the families of 97 Liverpool soccer fans who died after a stadium crush 34 years ago, as it introduced a charter it said will sharply diminish the chances that others will endure the kinds of injustices they suffered.

CAIRO (AP) — A cargo ship broke down in Egypt's Suez Canal on Wednesday and crashed into a bridge over the crucial waterway, authorities said, adding that the incident did not disrupt traffic through the canal.

Enter your email address to subscribe

Provide your email address to subscribe. For e.g. [email protected]

You may unsubscribe at any time using the link in our newsletter.