Borrell: Turkish-Libyan Memorandum Violates the Rights of Third Countries, Has No Legal Effect

November 17, 2022

BRUSSELS – The memorandum of understanding signed by Turkiye and Libya in 2019 violates the sovereign rights of third countries, does not accord with the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and cannot generate legal consequences for third countries, the European Union’s High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Josep Borrell has replied to New Democracy MEP Manolis Kefaloyiannis.

Kefaloyiannis submitted a question to Borrell after the signature on October 3 of a lease agreement for Libya’s Exclusive Economic Zone, as this was established by the illegal and void Turkish-Libyan memorandum, allowing Turkish companies to carry out exploratory drilling for oil and natural gas. He asked for measures to be taken against this agreement, which violates the sovereign rights of EU member-state Greece.

In his reply, Borrell noted that “the Turkish-Libyan memorandum of understanding of 2019 for the delineation of areas of maritime jurisdiction in the Mediterranean violates the sovereign rights of third countries”, is not compatible with UNCLOS and cannot produce legal consequences for third countries. Regarding the recent agreement to drill for hydrocarbons, he urged Turkiye to avoid actions that undermine regional stability.

It was an essential that all states comply with the international law of the sea, the principle of good neighbour relations, the sovereignty and sovereign rights over maritime zones of all coastal states, including the rights arising from their islands, Borrell said, adding that all members of the international community must conform with these principles.


MYTILENE, Lesbos - Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis, who was on the island of Lesbos on Friday, visited facilities at the port of Mytilene where a pilot programme for the issue of express visas to visitors from Turkiye has been underway since the end of March.

Top Stories


A pregnant woman was driving in the HOV lane near Dallas.

General News

NEW YORK – Meropi Kyriacou, the new Principal of The Cathedral School in Manhattan, was honored as The National Herald’s Educator of the Year.


Indians Vote in the First Phase of the World’s Largest Election as Modi Seeks a Third Term

NEW DELHI (AP) — Millions of Indians began voting Friday in a six-week election that's a referendum on Narendra Modi, the populist prime minister who has championed an assertive brand of Hindu nationalist politics and is seeking a rare third term as the country's leader.

COPENHAGEN, Denmark (AP) — Firefighters in Copenhagen plan to start taking down scaffolding that is left dangling dangerously Friday outside the ruins of the Danish capital's historic Old Stock Exchange building after a fire tore through it and collapsed much of its structure.

JUNEAU, Alaska (AP) — The Biden administration said Friday it will restrict new oil and gas leasing on 13 million acres (5.

MANADO, Indonesia (AP) — More people living near an erupting volcano on Indonesia's Sulawesi Island were evacuated on Friday due to the dangers of spreading ash, falling rocks, hot volcanic clouds and the possibility of a tsunami.

SEATTLE (AP) — Saturday marks marijuana culture’s high holiday, 4/20, when college students gather — at 4:20 p.

Enter your email address to subscribe

Provide your email address to subscribe. For e.g. [email protected]

You may unsubscribe at any time using the link in our newsletter.