In Russia, Gender Equality Still a Long Way Off (Pics)

In this undated photo provided by Russian Defense Ministry Press Service, soldiers and ballerinas pose for pictures during a photoshoot in Yekaterinburg, Russia, to mark International Women's Day. (Russian Defense Ministry Press Service via AP)

MOSCOW (AP) — When a Russian army recruitment office ordered a photoshoot to celebrate International Women’s Day, it didn’t feature any of the 45,000 women currently serving in the country’s armed forces.

Instead, the photos showed ballerinas in floaty white dresses posing with active servicemen in combats and machine guns. “The men’s power lies in women’s tenderness and love!” read a congratulatory note from the army office, based in Russia’s fourth-largest city of Yekaterinburg.

While International Women’s Day is marked Friday across many countries with calls for gender equality, in Russia it is still a holiday largely focused on celebrating outdated gender roles. President Vladimir Putin makes an annual speech thanking women for their patience, good grace and support.

Women in Russia may hold prominent positions in the government — including the influential chief of the Central Bank and speaker of the upper chamber of parliament — but traditional gender roles still hold sway, and efforts to address problems like the gender pay gap, domestic violence and sexual harassment have hardly scratched the surface.

A younger generation of Russian women, however, is hopeful changes are afoot.

(Russian Defense Ministry Press Service via AP)

The #MeToo movement appeared to have taken hold in Russia last year when three Russian journalists accused prominent lawmaker Leonid Slutsky of sexual harassment. Some media companies called for a boycott of the Russian parliament, and the chamber’s ethics committee held a hearing — developments that led some to believe that Russia was ready for a serious discussion on sexual abuse and harassment.

But the complaints were later dismissed as a conspiracy to smear Slutsky’s image, and the politician never admitted any wrongdoing.

Entrepreneur and lawyer Alyona Popova, one of the few voices to publicly side with the women, said she was shocked to see that not a single female Russian politician had come out to support the journalists.

“Lots of women in power know all too well what harassment is. They could have spoken out, but they didn’t,” Popova said.

Popova is preparing a draft bill to criminalize domestic violence, and is also lobbying for restraining orders to be introduced in Russia.

The Russian parliament in 2017 voted to decriminalize domestic violence that does not cause serious bodily harm — a move seen as a step back for a country where such violence is widespread. Some 12,000 women are killed as result of domestic violence in Russia every year, according to Human Rights Watch.

The gender pay gap is also an issue.

(Russian Defense Ministry Press Service via AP)

Olga Golodets, one of Russia’s two female deputy prime ministers, said at a recent conference that women’s average pay in Russia is equivalent to 70 percent compared to men’s wages.

“With all the opportunities that women have, they do not achieve the same level of education, career growth and remuneration of their work, as men do,” the minister said.

Some Russian women have decided to tackle the pay gap and harassment in their own way.

In the former imperial Russian capital St. Petersburg, two young women opened what they say is Russia’s first exclusively female co-working space.

“I got tired of sexism and mansplaining at work, especially when I found out that my male colleague, who worked just as much as I do, had a salary up to 15,000 rubles ($230) higher than mine,” says 27-year-old barista Svetlana Natarkhova, one of the co-founders of Simona, named after the French writer and feminist Simone de Beauvoir.

For a fee of just 150 rubles ($2.2) per day any female customer is welcome to stay and work at Simona, a bright, open space on the ground floor of a pre-revolutionary building.

In this photo taken on Thursday, March 7, 2019, a woman sells fresh flowers in Moscow, Russia, ahead of International Women’s Day. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)

Leda Garina, the other co-founder of Simona, said she is optimistic about the future of feminism even though “feminist” is often treated as a swear word in Russia.

She noted how a tiny group of feminists marching in the May 1, 2013 rally in St. Petersburg has expanded to several dozen at the same event five years later.

It’s high time for Russians to reclaim March 8, Garina says, and celebrate it as “the day of women’s solidarity and fight for women’s rights.”

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By FRANCESCA EBEL Associated Press

Irina Titova in St. Petersburg, Russia, and Harriet Morris and Nataliya Vasilyeva in Moscow contributed to this report.

In this photo taken on Thursday, March 7, 2019, a man carries bouquets of fresh flowers in Moscow, Russia, ahead of International Women’s Day. Women in Russia may hold prominent positions in the government and business but traditional gender roles and a wide gender pay gap show that Russia is falling behind the West in gender quality. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)
In this photo taken on Thursday, March 7, 2019, a man carries bouquets of fresh flowers in Moscow, Russia, ahead of International Women’s Day. Women in Russia may hold prominent positions in the government and business but traditional gender roles and a wide gender pay gap show that Russia is falling behind the West in gender quality. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)
In this Monday, March 4, 2019 photo, women use the women-only co-working space Simona in St. Petersburg, Russia. Women in Russia hold prominent positions in the government but traditional gender roles and the gender pay gap persist. Some Russian women have decided to tackle the pay gap and harassment in their own way. In the former imperial Russian capital St. Petersburg, two young women opened what they say is Russia’s first exclusively female co-working space. (AP Photo/Elena Ignatyeva)
In this Monday, March 4, 2019 photo, Leda Garina, left, and Svetlana Natarkhova, co-founders of the women-only co-working space Simona, speak to The Associated Press in St. Petersburg, Russia. Women in Russia may hold prominent positions in the government and business but traditional gender roles still hold sway, and efforts to address problems like the gender pay gap, domestic violence and sexual harassment have hardly scratched the surface. In the former imperial Russian capital St. Petersburg, two young women opened what they say is Russia’s first exclusively female co-working space. (AP Photo/Elena Ignatyeva)
In this image taken from video on Wednesday, March 6, 2019, Russian lawyer Alyona Popova speaks during an interview with The Associated Press in Moscow, Russia. Women in Russia may hold prominent positions in the government and business but traditional gender roles still hold sway, and efforts to address problems like the gender pay gap, domestic violence and sexual harassment have hardly scratched the surface. Alyona Popova is preparing a draft bill to criminalize domestic violence, and is also lobbying for restraining orders to be introduced in Russia. (AP Photo/Vladimir Kondrashev)
In this photo taken on Thursday, March 7, 2019, a man carries a bouquet of fresh flowers in Moscow, Russia, ahead of International Women’s Day. Women in Russia may hold prominent positions in the government and business but traditional gender roles and a wide gender pay gap show that Russia is falling behind the West in gender quality. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)

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