Speech of Treasurer Michael Psaros, Delivered at the Archdiocesan Council Meeting

Michael Psaros. (Photo by TNH/Costas Bej)

NEW YORK – Mr. Michael Psaros, a prominent businessman and treasurer of the Archdiocesan Council of the Creek Orthodox Archdiocese of America delivered a speech on Friday October 20, 2017, at the meeting of the Archdiocesan Council in New York regarding the finances.

In his remarkable speech he presented concrete and decisive proposals designed to turn the finances of the Archdiocese around as stressed the need for total transparency.

The National Herald was able to obtain a copy of the speech which we publish in its entirety:

Your Eminences, Your Graces, most Reverend Clergy, brother Archons of the Order of St. Andrew,and fellow members of the Archdiocesan Council,One year ago at this meeting, Vice Chairman Archon George Tsandikos, Secretary Ms. Cathy Walshand I were elected by this Archdiocese Council to serve as Officers. We serve only with the blessingof, and under the direction of, His Eminence, Archbishop Demetrios, Geron of America.


We agreed to the following goals:

  • The GOA had to fully realize, that it is by its nature and mission, an institution that must have

accountability and transparency.

  • From an accountability standpoint, the GOA must create a culture where every single dollardonated by every single member of the Faithful is treated with respect and humility. Weunderstand that thousands of people donate hundreds of thousands of hours volunteering forour Parishes, often on their feet for days at Church festivals in order to satisfy theirassessment to the GOA. We recognize that there is a general feeling of disappointment at thelocal Parish level with what has been interpreted as “broken trust” with the GOA as a resultof its current financial position and circumstance. The GOA’s response must be bothpractical and cultural in order to rebuild the sacred trust between the GOA, the Metropolisesand the Parishes. This specific healing process has started already.
  • From a transparency standpoint, the GOA is willing and must provide the Faithful with

comprehensive knowledge of its finances with total transparency. While the GOA has made

verifiable progress towards this critical objective, please understand that a material amount of

time and resources will be required to achieve true transparency. In the future, the GOA’s

Annual Audit must be completed in a timely manner, then reviewed by a newly created

independent audit committee that will brief the Executive Committee. Thereafter, the GOA’s

Annual Audit will be posted online on the GOA’s website and published in the Orthodox

Observer. A copy will be mailed to every Metropolis and Parish.

  • Further, we recognize that Parishes have been asked to increase their GOA assessments for

the next two years. The Parishes will not be asked to increase their assessments any more

specifically as a result of the GOA’s current financial situation.


The foundation for proper financial management in any organization is clear internal controls,

practices and procedures. Every Government, every Church, every business and every not-for-profitinstitution is governed by rules, processes and procedures. This is the only way to ensure properorder, accountability and control. Further, these internal controls, practices and procedures must bedocumented, transparent, actively monitored and enforced.

The reason for the GOA’s structural operating deficit, accumulated financial obligations and the

current acute cash funding issues it is experiencing today is very simple: a deficiency in proper

internal controls.

Prior to even discovering the GOA’s financial difficulties, the Officers realized the GOA was

deficient in internal controls, practices and procedures with respect to controlling expenditures. Thediscovery came in two forms. First, in the beginning of 2017, we reviewed the deficiency reports inthe Grant Thornton audit reports from recent years. Second, we asked basic questions of managementand staff. A logical question is why were the deficiency reports not addressed before? We do nothave a concrete answer because this period predates our work, but we do have an observation: Thereason is a problem of weak internal controls and processes. It is our understanding that the primarycontact with Grant Thornton was the former Director of Administration and an audit committee thatincluded the Chair of the Finance Committee, a breach of basic financial practices. The auditorshould have met with an independent committee, or with the Finance Committee as a group, not staffor insiders. That is not done and will not happen again. This practice will be corrected promptly.

Specifically, a new audit committee comprised of qualified Archdiocesan Council members will beappointed to serve through the end of July 2018. Improvements to the Regulations to establish acompletely independent committee will be proposed to the 2018 Clergy-Laity Congress.

With the blessing of His Eminence, Archbishop Demetrios, we started the process of implementinginternal controls beginning in April 2017.

Concurrently in May 2017, the GOA engaged Grant Thornton to conduct a thorough operations

review intended to provide recommendations on how to create a world-class ecclesiastical not-forprofitinstitution from an internal controls perspective. This report cost $150,000, and was paid forby a private donor. The final report is expected to be received next month and will be shared with theExecutive Committee.

Creating and implementing internal controls is a complex process that must be implemented with

care. External resources will be required. Each process and procedure will need to be documented,implemented, communicated and enforced. This difficult and complex process will require time andresources, but is essential for order, structure and integrity in the operations of the Archdiocese.

In furtherance of establishing proper governance and internal controls, processes and procedures,

with the blessing of his Eminence, Archbishop Demetrios, the following actions were taken:

  • His Grace, Bishop Andonios, the GOA’s Chancellor, assumed key administrative

responsibilities after the resignation of the former Director of Administration in September

  • The Chairman of the Finance Committee was relieved of his duties in October 2017. Mr.

Louis Kircos was named as the new Chair of the Archdiocesan Council’s Finance


  • The Director of Finance of the GOA was relieved of his duties in September 2017.
  • His Eminence, Archbishop Demetrios, appointed Fr. SoteriosBaroody as Chief Financial

Officer (CFO) of the Archdiocese in April 2017. Prior to his appointment, the GOA did not

have the position of CFO. Father Baroody holds a Bachelor in Business Administration, a

Master of Divinity Degree and a Master of Accounting Degree.

  • Prior to the creation of the CFO office, the former Director of Administration had control of

Administration and Finance. There has now been a clear separation of these functions.

  • The Archbishop will appoint new members, with appropriate backgrounds in accounting and

finance, to serve on the Archdiocesan Council Audit Committee through the end of July

  1. Thereafter, with the approval of the next Clergy-Laity Congress, a new Independent

Audit Committee will be appointed. Members of the new committee will be required to have

a professional background as CPAs and auditors. A vote of the Clergy-Laity Congress and

the approval of the Ecumenical Patriarchate will be required to amend our GOA regulations

to create this new Independent Audit Committee. Until the regulations can be amended, we

will attempt to include as many independent and qualified members as possible on the

standing Audit Committee. No longer will the auditor present its findings to GOA staff and

insiders, but rather to this committee. This is similar to the conduct of publicly traded

companies in the U.S. in respect of these matters.

  • The GOA will engage an accounting firm to perform a consulting study of the GOA when

practicable. Precatory accounting and booking work is required prior to beginning this

process. The accounting firm will be asked, among other things, to verify the size of the

GOA’s operating deficit and the current total obligations of the Archdiocese. This study will

be funded by a private donor.

  • PWC and Baker Hostetler have been retained to conduct an independent forensic audit of St.

Nicholas. PWC will perform this service at a greatly reduced amount, and Baker Hostetler’s

services are pro-bono. We thank both firms. This audit will also be funded by a private

donor. These firms will report to an Independent Committee. Please understand that the

Officers had no knowledge of, or participation in, the process involving the construction of

St. Nicholas. The GOA will not have a comment, beyond the statement in its recent press

release, regarding St. Nicholas until the forensic audit is completed. I can assure you, most

personally, as the first $1 million cash donor to this project, that His Eminence, Archbishop

Demetrios, and the GOA remain committed to the construction of this National Shrine.


Upon becoming CFO in April 2017, Father Baroody conducted a ninety day review of the GOA’sfinances between April and the end of June. In July, less than four months ago, Father Baroodypresented his initial report to His Eminence, Archbishop Demetrios, and the Officers. In July, wewere extremely disappointed when Father Baroody informed us that the GOA had an estimatedstructural operating deficit of approximately $4 to $5 million for 2017. Historically, a portion of thatstructural deficit was funded by gracious benefactors, some of whom have fallen asleep in the Lord.

With the blessings of His Eminence, Archbishop Demetrios, and under the leadership of His Grace,Bishop Andonios, immediate and decisive actions were taken to reduce operating costs to bringrevenues and expenditures into balance.

Beginning in August actions were taken to reduce the GOA’s operating cash costs by approximately$6.5 to $6.7 million. These actions included:

  • Reducing staff across the board,
  • Reducing general administrative costs, including staff cell phones, credit cards, travel and

expense accounts which have been restricted and/or eliminated, and

  • Implementing new vendor management protocols and controls
  • Depending on the GOA’s receipt of assessments from the Parishes, additional cost reductions

may be required in 2018.

I ask you, humbly and respectfully, to consider the magnitude of the cost and spending reductionsthat occurred within a month of discovering the scope of the structural operating deficit, and I askyou to reflect on how quickly and decisively we reacted to this discovery.

I can confirm that we are exceedingly disappointed that Father Baroody discovered transfers

involving funds in restricted and custodial accounts of approximately $4.75 million. We believe thatthe funds in these accounts were transferred to fund the GOA’s legacy operating deficit. We areproceeding with an examination of all transfers, and will engage an accounting firm to confirm thespecific nature of those transactions. We understand it is imperative that all avenues be explored torestore the proceeds to these accounts as soon as possible. We will pursue all options to do so. In themeantime, we believe that proper internal controls have been established to prevent this practice fromoccurring again.


The issue of the GOA’s “Official Budget” needs to be addressed. Every two years, the Clergy-LaityCongress approves the “Official Budget”. Speaking as the GOA’s Treasurer and as directly as I can,the facts demonstrate that this “Official Budget” does not reflect the actual financial status of theGOA. Anyone familiar with how organizations operate from a financial perspective, understandsthat budgets must be established from the ground up, and then monitored month by month, quarter byquarter and annually, for variances, in order to have any integrity. There is a strong recommendationthat the Finance Committee meet with the CFO regularly to monitor variances in the new budget thatis being developed relative to actual performance. Had that exercise occurred over the past two years,a more realistic and timely understanding of the GOA’s financial position would have been known18-24 months ago.


The only way for the GOA’s operations and ministries to continue to operate is for the Parishes tofulfill their assessments. I pray that the combination of all the actions taken in the past few months,actions taken to ensure accountability and transparency will provide our Parishes with the level oftrust and confidence required to fulfill their critical obligations to the GOA. These actions includenew leadership, new people in critical senior management positions, a plan to implement newinternal controls, practices and procedures, the establishment of new independent committees, theretention of accounting firms for various audits and reports, and very significant and immediate costreductions. While we are working hard to transform the GOA, if the Parishes refrain from fundingtheir assessments, the present and future of the Greek Orthodox Church of America will be impacted.


In a short period of time, by the Grace of God, the GOA has made strides to achieve its objectives ofaccountability and transparency necessary for its mission to proclaim the Gospel of Christ in theU.S.A and beyond.

The Officers, with the blessing of His Eminence, Archbishop Demetrios, and the most Revered

Hierarchs of our Holy Eparchial Synod, are working hard to bring order, structure and integrity to theoperations of the Archdiocese.

We are people of faith and hope.

While our efforts may take time, we are making great progress.

Now is the time for all of us to work together for our future and the future of our children.

I ask for your prayers as we proceed with our endeavors.

Everything I have said today is with respect and humility.

Respectfully submitted,

Michael Psaros